Noise protection

Mitigating aircraft noise

Munich Airport strives to minimize the impact of flight noise on residents and employees. It applies a range of steps to achieve this, including operational, technical, and financial measures.

MUC: a homebase for low-emission aircraft

The Airbus A320neo, currently the most efficient and quietest short- and medium-haul aircraft, also serves Munich Airport. It is equipped with the latest generation of engines that reduce fuel consumption by 15 percent compared with older models. This is also accompanied by a reduction in carbon dioxide emissions and noise. The Airbus A350-900 is considered the world’s most environmentally friendly long-haul aircraft. Compared to its predecessor, the A340, it creates significantly lower noise levels: up to 7 dB(A) less on take-off and up to 3 dB(A) less on landing. In contrast to the A340 series, the A350–900 series noise contour is around 40 to 50 percent smaller and its noise level does not exceed 85 dB(A) outside the airport premises. This results in lower aircraft noise pollution in the airport region. Thanks to its cutting-edge engines and lightweight materials, as well as curved wing tips, the A350–900 series consumes 50 percent less kerosene overall and thus emits 50 percent less CO2. Lufthansa is adding four more Airbus A350s to its fleet at Munich Airport in 2022, bringing the total number of these fuel-efficient and low-emission long-haul aircraft to 21.

Comparison of noise contours for the Airbus A340-600 and A350-900

Comparison of the noise contours of the Airbus A340-600 and A350-900 aircraft types (graphic)

Landing charges: the quieter, the cheaper

To ensure that airlines benefit even more from the use of quieter aircraft, Flughafen München GmbH has further developed the instrument of noise-based charges and significantly increased their share of total charges since June 1, 2021. With 13 instead of the previous eleven noise classes, the new schedule of charges also makes an even greater distinction between quieter and louder aircraft types. Since FMG attaches great importance to the use of quiet, modern aircraft, especially at night, it now levies surcharges on the basic noise charge for flights during nighttime hours. These increase with each half hour from 10 p.m. to midnight until the highest surcharge is reached between 0 a.m. and 5 a.m. at 120 percent.

Target
Ongoing aircraft noise monitoring using innovative technology and associated online communication in real time

Group management report - Night-flight curfew

Facts and Figures

The impact of aircraft noise

While aircraft noise at large airports typically impacts a large number of people directly, the number is relatively low in the case of Munich, being around seven percent of the number of people impacted to the same extent in Frankfurt. This is not to say that aircraft noise is of no consequence for Munich Airport, rather more so that a particularly favorable location was chosen for the airport.

Impact of aircraft noise

Number of persons affected by noise above 55dB(A) over a 24 hour period (Day Evening Night Sound Level): Environmental Noise Directive Source: German Federal Environment Agency

Close monitoring of aircraft noise

From 16 fixed noise measuring points, FMG continuously monitors aircraft noise within a radius of about 20 kilometers around Munich Airport. The significant decrease in air traffic compared to the pre-crisis year 2019 was also reflected in the measured noise levels. For example, lower noise levels were recorded in 2021 than in 2019, as was the case in 2020.

Locations of fixed noise measuring points of Flughafen München GmbH

Locations of Flughafen München GmbH's fixed noise measurement stations (map)

Noise action plan for Munich Airport

The Government of Upper Bavaria has drawn up a noise action plan for Munich Airport with the participation of the public and the affected communities. This presents steps already implemented as well as future measures to reduce aircraft noise in the vicinity of the airport. With the noise action plan, the government is implementing the EU directive on the assessment and management of environmental noise for Munich Airport. Following the public survey, FMG issued a comprehensive statement on the feedback received. The noise action plan was then finalized, voted on with the affected municipalities, and published by the end of 2021.

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